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Eye surgery is often referred to as ocular surgery or ophthalmic surgery. Ophthalmologists are eye surgeons. There are various types of eye operations or surgeries, each designed to address specific eye conditions or vision problems.
Some types of eye surgery include vision correction procedures such as LASIK and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Some people refer to these types of surgeries as laser surgery, but surgeons employ lasers for a variety of procedures. Cataract surgery.
Here are some common types of eye surgeries:
- Cataract Surgery:
- Procedure: In cataract surgery, the cloudy lens (cataract) is removed and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL).
- Purpose: To improve vision blurred by a cloudy lens.
- LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis):
- Procedure: LASIK is a refractive surgery where a laser is used to reshape the cornea, correcting common vision problems like nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.
- Purpose: To reduce or eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses.
- PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy):
- Procedure: Similar to LASIK, PRK also reshapes the cornea using a laser, but the laser is applied directly to the surface of the cornea.
- Purpose: Corrects refractive errors by altering the shape of the cornea.
- Glaucoma Surgery:
- Procedures: Various surgeries are available to treat glaucoma, aiming to reduce intraocular pressure. These include trabeculectomy, laser trabeculoplasty, and others.
- Purpose: To manage and reduce elevated intraocular pressure associated with glaucoma.
- Retinal Surgery:
- Procedures: Vitrectomy and retinal detachment repair are examples of surgeries involving the retina. Vitrectomy involves removing the vitreous gel inside the eye.
- Purpose: To address retinal issues, such as tears, detachments, or diabetic retinopathy.
- Corneal Transplant (Corneal Keratoplasty):
- Procedure: In corneal transplant surgery, a damaged or diseased cornea is replaced with a healthy donor cornea.
- Purpose: To restore vision impaired by corneal diseases or injuries.
- Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE):
- Procedure: Similar to cataract surgery, RLE involves removing the eye's natural lens and replacing it with an artificial lens to correct refractive errors.
- Purpose: To correct refractive errors and reduce the need for glasses or contact lenses.
- Strabismus Surgery:
- Procedure: Strabismus surgery is performed to correct misalignment of the eyes (crossed or wandering eyes).
- Purpose: To improve eye alignment and depth perception.
- Pterygium Surgery:
- Procedure: Surgical removal of a pterygium, a growth on the eye's surface.
- Purpose: To address discomfort, redness, and visual disturbances caused by a pterygium.
It's important to note that the specific type of eye surgery recommended for an individual depends on their eye condition, overall health, and the recommendation of an eye care professional. Each surgery has its risks and benefits, and outcomes can vary. Patients should consult with their eye care provider to determine the most suitable option for their particular situation.
What is the most commonly performed eye surgery?
One of the most frequent types of refractive surgery is laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), which reshapes the cornea to increase visual acuity.
What is the proper name for eye surgery?
Eye surgery, often known as ocular surgery, is a procedure done by an ophthalmologist on the eye or its surrounding area.
What is an eye surgery medical term?
LASEK stands for Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis. Laser eye surgery procedures include both LASEK and LASIK. LASEK differs from LASIK in that the outer layer of the cornea is removed or set aside at the beginning of the operation rather than a corneal flap being created.
Which eye surgery is best?
LASIK is the most well-known and widely used procedure. Many articles, like this one, will use the term "LASIK" to describe any type of laser eye surgery. Typically, pictures are focused on the retina at the back of the eyes.
Are eye surgeries painful?
In most situations, laser eye surgery is painless, and you will be awake throughout. During your rehabilitation, you may suffer relatively minor discomfort. Severe discomfort is a sign of a rare consequence, such as infection. Continue reading to learn about what to expect during and after your operation.
Which eye surgery is more painful?
Neither PRK nor LASIK should cause discomfort during the procedure, however you may experience some eye pressure. PRK is related with somewhat more postoperative pain than LASIK. This is because PRK destroys the corneal epithelium.
How is eye operation done?
Your eye surgeon will use a small blade or cutting laser to remove a little hinged flap from the front of your eye. Folding back the flap allows your doctor to reach the area of your cornea that will be reshaped. Your eye surgeon will use a programmable laser to remodel sections of your cornea.
Can you remove eye bags with surgery?
A lower eyelid lift (blepharoplasty) is an outpatient treatment in which the surgeon adjusts the fat in the lower eye area while tightening the muscle and skin to create a smooth appearance. In most situations, a lower eyelid lift permanently removes under-eye bags; it is uncommon for people to require follow-up treatments.
Who is not suitable for laser eye surgery?
Those who are deemed unsuitable for laser eye surgery typically have an extremely high prescription, a pre-existing medical condition, are taking specific drugs, or are under 21 years old.
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