23 Extinct Animals We’ve Lost Over the Last 150 Years
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23 Extinct Animals We’ve Lost Over the Last 150 Years

The relentless march of time has witnessed the disappearance of numerous species, forever erasing them from the intricate tapestry of Earth's biodiversity. In the past 150 years, human activities, habitat destruction, and environmental changes have accelerated the rate of extinction, claiming the lives of remarkable creatures that once roamed our planet. In this solemn exploration, we unveil 23 extinct animals, each a poignant reminder of the fragility of life and the impact of human influence on the natural world.

  1. Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius): Once numbering in the billions, these North American pigeons were hunted to extinction in the early 20th century.
  2. Quagga (Equus quagga quagga): A subspecies of the zebra, the quagga was native to South Africa and fell victim to overhunting by the 19th century.
  3. Tasmanian Tiger (Thylacinus cynocephalus): The last known thylacine died in captivity in 1936, marking the end of this unique marsupial from Tasmania.
  4. Steller's Sea Cow (Hydrodamalis gigas): Discovered by explorers in the 18th century, this massive marine mammal faced extinction due to overhunting for its meat, hide, and blubber.
  5. Golden Toad (Incilius periglenes): Endemic to Costa Rica, the golden toad vanished in the late 20th century, likely due to climate change and chytrid fungus.
  6. Pinta Island Tortoise (Chelonoidis nigra abingdoni): Lonesome George, the last of his kind, died in 2012, marking the extinction of this Galápagos tortoise subspecies.
  7. Pyrenean Ibex (Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica): The last surviving individual of this subspecies died in 2000, making it the first extinct species to be cloned in 2009, although the clone died shortly after birth.
  8. Western Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis longipes): Poaching for their horns led to the demise of this subspecies of black rhinoceros.
  9. Javan Tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica): Once inhabiting the Indonesian island of Java, this tiger succumbed to habitat loss and hunting.
  10. Toolache Wallaby (Macropus greyi): Native to Australia, the toolache wallaby became extinct in the 20th century due to habitat destruction and hunting.
  11. Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis): The only parrot species native to the eastern United States, it was driven to extinction in the early 20th century by hunting and habitat destruction.
  12. Réunion Ibis (Threskiornis solitarius): Native to the Indian Ocean island of Réunion, this bird became extinct in the 18th century due to habitat destruction and hunting.
  13. Pied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula bicolor): Native to the islands of the Indian Ocean, this pigeon faced extinction due to hunting and habitat destruction.
  14. Spix's Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii): Native to Brazil, this bright blue macaw became extinct in the wild due to habitat destruction and trapping for the pet trade.
  15. Baiji River Dolphin (Lipotes vexillifer): Declared functionally extinct in 2006, this freshwater dolphin succumbed to habitat destruction and pollution in China's Yangtze River.
  16. Christmas Island Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus murrayi): This bat species from Australia faced extinction due to habitat destruction and predation by invasive species.
  17. Tecopa Pupfish (Cyprinodon nevadensis calidae): Endemic to California, this pupfish disappeared due to habitat destruction caused by water diversions.
  18. Western Swamp Tortoise (Pseudemydura umbrina): Native to Australia, this tortoise faced extinction due to habitat destruction and changes in water availability.
  19. Okinawa Spiny Rat (Tokudaia muenninki): Endemic to Japan, this rat became extinct in the 21st century due to habitat destruction and invasive species.
  20. Pinta Giant Tortoise (Chelonoidis nigra abingdoni): A subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise, the last known individual, Lonesome George, died in 2012.
  21. Dusky Seaside Sparrow (Ammospiza nigrescens): Native to Florida, this sparrow faced extinction due to habitat destruction caused by development and pesticide use.
  22. Pink-headed Duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea): Native to India and Bangladesh, this elusive duck became extinct in the mid-20th century, likely due to hunting and habitat loss.
  23. Round Island Burrowing Boa (Bolyeria multocarinata): Endemic to Mauritius, this snake species faced extinction due to habitat destruction and the introduction of invasive species.

The extinction of these 23 species serves as a solemn reminder of the irreversible consequences of human actions on the diverse and delicate ecosystems that once thrived on our planet. As custodians of Earth, the responsibility to protect and preserve the remaining biodiversity rests firmly in our hands.