Damodaram Danjivayya
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Damodaram Danjivayya

The chief minister of Andhra Pradesh from 11 January 1960 to 12 March 1962 was an Indian politician named Damodaram Sanjivayya. Sanjivayya served as the country's first Dalit chief minister. As president of the All India Congress Committee, he made history as the first Dalit leader to do so. Damodaram Sanjivayya (1921-1972) was an Indian politician and a prominent leader in the state of Andhra Pradesh. He was born on July 14, 1921, in Raparthi, a village in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh. Sanjivayya was a key figure in the political landscape of Andhra Pradesh, particularly during the early years of the state's formation.

Here are some notable aspects of his life and political career:

  1. Early Life: Sanjivayya came from a humble background and began his career as a lawyer. He later became involved in politics and joined the Indian National Congress.
  2. Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh: In 1956, when Andhra Pradesh was formed as a separate state from the erstwhile Madras State, Damodaram Sanjivayya became its first Chief Minister. He served in this position from 1956 to 1960.
  3. Commitment to Social Justice: Sanjivayya was known for his commitment to social justice and upliftment of the marginalized sections of society. He implemented several welfare programs during his tenure as Chief Minister.
  4. Resignation: In 1960, Sanjivayya resigned from the Chief Minister's post due to differences with the central leadership of the Indian National Congress. His resignation was seen as a principled stand.
  5. Later Political Career: He continued to be active in politics after his resignation and served as a Member of Parliament. He also held various positions within the Congress party.
  6. Legacy: Damodaram Sanjivayya is remembered for his role in the early years of Andhra Pradesh's statehood and his dedication to the welfare of its people. In his memory, the Andhra Pradesh government has established the "Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University" in Visakhapatnam.
  7. Death: Unfortunately, Damodaram Sanjivayya's life was cut short when he passed away on May 8, 1972, at the age of 50.

The first Dalit Chief Minister of an Indian state was Sanjivayya. He authored a book about labour issues and industrial growth in India, which was released in 1970 by Oxford and IBH Pub. Sanjivayya's contributions to the political and social development of Andhra Pradesh are still remembered and celebrated in the state's history.

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